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About the clinic: I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University) is the top medical university in Russia. Its history begins in 1758 as the medical faculty at Imperial Moscow University. For over two centuries Sechenov University has been a pioneer in the Russian healthcare system. A lot of outstanding physicians and scientists, who contributed significantly to the progress in medicine, worked at the University. In 2018, Sechenov University celebrates its 260th Anniversary.
About the clinic: Federal research and clinical center for specialized types of medical care and medical technologies of the FMBA of Russia (FSCC of the FMBA of Russia) is one of the largest multi — specialty medical institutions in Russia for providing specialized medical care, combining a consulting and diagnostic center and more than 40 departments.
About the clinic: Yusupovskaya hospital is a continuity of traditions in the treatment of patients in combination with the latest achievements of modern scientific and evidence-based medicine and advanced expert experience. The Yusupov hospital carries out scientific activities — on the basis of the clinic there are scientific and practical centers aimed at solving patients' problems in a comprehensive manner.
About the clinic: Clinical hospital No. 1 (Volynskaya) of The Presidential administration of the Russian Federation is one of the oldest institutions of Kremlin medicine, which itself has more than 400 years of history. In may 1600, by Decree of Tsar Boris Godunov, a pharmacy order was created to "protect the health of the sovereign". The hospital began with a small reception House adapted for a medical institution Near the dacha of I. V. Stalin.
Structural changes in the heart that are not typical for a healthy organ usually indicate its defect. Changes may occur both during embryonic (congenital malformations) and postembryonic human development, the so-called acquired. They can touch the great vessels, the heart itself, or occur simultaneously in different places.
Valvular heart disease manifests itself in patients with the following symptoms
– shortness of breath during physical activity;
– tera of the lower extremities;
– painful sensations in the region of the heart (angina pectoris).
– Electrocardiogram (ECG)
– Loading samples
– Cardiac ultrasound (EchoCG)
– Coronary angiography
– Chest X-ray
For traditional open-heart surgery of surgery, you’ll be given medicine to help you fall asleep. A doctor will check your heartbeat, blood pressure, oxygen levels, and breathing during the surgery.
A breathing tube will be placed in your lungs through your throat. The tube will connect to a ventilator (a machine that supports breathing).
Your surgeon will make a 6- to 8-inch incision (cut) down the center of your chest wall. Then, he or she will cut your breastbone and open your rib cage to reach your heart.
During the surgery, you’ll receive medicine to thin your blood and keep it from clotting. A heart-lung bypass machine will be connected to your heart. The machine will take over your heart’s pumping action and move blood away from your heart.
A specialist will oversee the heart-lung bypass machine. The machine will allow the surgeon to operate on a heart that isn’t beating and that doesn’t have blood flowing through it.
Off-pump heart surgery is like traditional open-heart surgery because the chest bone is opened to access the heart. However, the heart isn’t stopped, and a heart-lung bypass machine isn’t used.
Instead, your surgeon will steady your heart with a mechanical device so he or she can work on it. Your heart will continue to pump blood to your body.