Cervical Cancer

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About a disease

Description

Cervical cancer is one of the most common oncological diseases that most often affects women over 45 years of age, but it can also be diagnosed in patients of childbearing age (30-40 years).

The main cause of cervical cancer is infection with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV). It causes this disease in 90% of cases.

Symptoms

The initial stages of cervical cancer are asymptomatic. A gynecologist can detect the disease during a routine examination. However, there are a number of non-specific signs that you should be aware of:

– Bloody discharge from the genitals

– Bleeding after sexual intercourse

– Soreness during sexual intercourse

– Change in the nature of menstruation

– Atypical discharge from the genitals

Diagnostics

Diagnosis of cervical cancer involves laboratory and instrumental studies:

– PAP test;

– molecular genetic test;

– colposcopy of the cervix;

– cervical conization;

– visualization tests.

Treatment

The strategy for treating cervical cancer is selected individually for each patient, taking into account the preliminary diagnosis, stage of the disease, localization, size of the neoplasm, the presence of metastases and other important factors.

For younger patients, cone conization with the removal of an additional is usually an effective method. The operation can be performed with a radio-wave scalpel-LEEP, “excision” followed by scraping of the cervical canal.

Patients with stage IB – IIA cervical cancer are shown to perform radical hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) type C2 and pelvic lymphodissection. This surgery is the generally accepted standard of surgical treatment for invasive cervical cancer. It is possible to perform radical C1 type hysterectomy and pelvic lymphodissection. This operation prevents neurogenic dysfunction of the bladder and rectum, due to the preservation of the entire integrity of the autonomic nerve plexuses of the pelvis.

Chemoradiotherapy – for locally advanced cervical cancer is currently the standard of treatment.

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