Ovarian Cancer

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About a disease

Description

Ovarian cancer affects the female reproductive organs responsible for the production of hormones such as estrogen and progesterone. It is most common in women aged 60-70 years, 80% of cases are diagnosed after menopause. Ovarian cancer develops as a slow-growing cyst that transforms into a malignant tumor.

Symptoms

In the early stages, ovarian cancer does not cause any symptoms. Only with a significant increase in the size of the tumor, patients begin to feel discomfort. The main symptoms of ovarian cancer are:

– Abdominal pain after minimal physical exertion

– Pain after sexual intercourse

– Pain during menstruation

– The increase in belly size

– Weight loss

– Anemia

– The appearance of hair on the mammary glands and other uncharacteristic places as a result of hormonal changes due to the tumor

– Bleeding from the uterus between periods

– Absence of appetite

– Problems with the chair

– Gratuitous nausea

– Feeling full after a small amount of food

– Fatigue, irritability, weakness

Diagnostics

– test for cancer markers;

– a detailed biochemical analysis of blood;

– biopsy;

– transvaginal and transperitoneal ultrasound;

– PET-CT;

– MRI;

– radiography.

Treatment

When choosing treatment tactics for patients with ovarian cancer, the stage of the process, the morphological structure of the tumor, the degree of differentiation, the potential sensitivity of this tumor histiotype to chemotherapy, aggravating factors, the patient’s age, immune status, and chronic diseases as contraindications to a particular treatment method are taken into account.

In laparoscopic salping-ooforectomy, the ovaries and fallopian tubes are removed. The operation is performed endoscopically, minimally invasive through small incisions in the peritoneum.

The method of hysterectomy, salping-ooforectomy, lymphadenectomy is extirpation of the uterus with appendages with resection of the large omentum – this is the complete removal of the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and affected lymph nodes.

The method of chemotherapy is based on the introduction of toxic drugs into the body that destroy cancer cells or stop their further growth. The mechanism of administration itself can be different – from intravenous administration of drugs to the use of tablet forms.

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