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About the clinic: P.Herzen Moscow Oncology Research Institute was founded on February 12, 1898. It became the oldest scientific and practical institution in Europe and the first oncology institution in Russia, where the foundations were laid for the Russian science and oncology services. The Institute is a recognized leader in providing high-tech medical care to patients with various types of cancer. The Institute performs a unique surgery, uses modern high-tech methods of diagnostics, comprehensive treatment and rehabilitation of patients.
About the clinic: I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University) is the top medical university in Russia. Its history begins in 1758 as the medical faculty at Imperial Moscow University. For over two centuries Sechenov University has been a pioneer in the Russian healthcare system. A lot of outstanding physicians and scientists, who contributed significantly to the progress in medicine, worked at the University. In 2018, Sechenov University celebrates its 260th Anniversary.
About the clinic: Yusupovskaya hospital is a continuity of traditions in the treatment of patients in combination with the latest achievements of modern scientific and evidence-based medicine and advanced expert experience. The Yusupov hospital carries out scientific activities — on the basis of the clinic there are scientific and practical centers aimed at solving patients' problems in a comprehensive manner.
About the clinic: Federal research and clinical center for specialized types of medical care and medical technologies of the FMBA of Russia (FSCC of the FMBA of Russia) is one of the largest multi — specialty medical institutions in Russia for providing specialized medical care, combining a consulting and diagnostic center and more than 40 departments.
About the clinic: Clinical hospital No. 1 (Volynskaya) of The Presidential administration of the Russian Federation is one of the oldest institutions of Kremlin medicine, which itself has more than 400 years of history. In may 1600, by Decree of Tsar Boris Godunov, a pharmacy order was created to "protect the health of the sovereign". The hospital began with a small reception House adapted for a medical institution Near the dacha of I. V. Stalin.
Lung cancer is a malignant neoplasm that develops from the glands and mucosa of the lung tissue and bronchi. In the modern world, lung cancer occupies the top position among all oncological diseases. According to statistics, this cancer affects men eight times more often than women, and it was noted that the older the age, the much higher the incidence rate. If lung cancer is detected at an early stage, 90% of patients recover.
The first symptoms of lung cancer often have no direct connection to the respiratory system. Patients go to various specialists of a different profile for a long time, are examined for a long time and, accordingly, receive the wrong treatment. Early sign:
– subfebrile temperature (37-38 °C), which is not knocked down by drugs and is extremely exhausting for the patient (during this period, the body undergoes internal intoxication);
– weakness and fatigue in the first half of the day; skin itching with the development of dermatitis, and possibly the appearance of growths on the skin;
– muscle weakness and increased puffiness;
– disorders of the Central nervous system, in particular, dizziness (up to fainting), impaired coordination of movements or loss of sensitivity.
Diagnosis of suspected lung cancer includes:
– CT scan of the chest;
– bronchoscopy (fibrobronchoscopy);
– ultrasound of the supraclavicular areas of the abdominal cavity, retroperitoneal space
– general clinical blood and urine tests;
– biochemical blood tests;
– cytological studies of sputum, bronchial flushing, pleural exudate;
– evaluation of functional data;
– pleural puncture (if there is an effusion);
– transthoracic puncture biopsy.
Segmental resection for lung cancer. During the operation, the surgeon removes the entire cancer or its separate segment (segmental resection). The current trend in the treatment of lung cancer is the use of minimally invasive methods of treatment. Operations are performed using a miniature video camera. The technique is called Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS). Such surgical interventions are accompanied by less pronounced pain. The process of rehabilitation after them is faster.
According to the indications, extended pneumonectomy is performed-removal of the lung.
Treatment of lung cancer with radiation therapy . In order for cancer cells to stop growing and multiplying, the tumor is irradiated with a powerful beam of gamma rays. In radical radiation treatment, the tumor and regional metastasis zones are exposed to radiation.
Chemotherapy for lung cancer is the main treatment for most patients suffering from bronchopulmonary cancer. Treatment consists in the introduction of toxic drugs into the body that stop the growth of cancer cells. Thanks to the rapid development of medical technologies, chemotherapy drugs are safe and effective.
Targeted therapy for lung cancer. Targeted drugs for lung cancer recognize malignant cells by their specific characteristics and destroy them, affecting vital functions (division, growth). These medications disrupt the blood supply to the tumor. Targeted therapy is used as an independent treatment method or, in order to improve the effectiveness of treatment, in combination with chemotherapy.