Lung Сancer

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About a disease

Description

Lung cancer is a malignant neoplasm that develops from the glands and mucosa of the lung tissue and bronchi. In the modern world, lung cancer occupies the top position among all oncological diseases. According to statistics, this cancer affects men eight times more often than women, and it was noted that the older the age, the much higher the incidence rate. If lung cancer is detected at an early stage, 90% of patients recover.

Symptoms

The first symptoms of lung cancer often have no direct connection to the respiratory system. Patients go to various specialists of a different profile for a long time, are examined for a long time and, accordingly, receive the wrong treatment. Early sign:

– subfebrile temperature (37-38 °C), which is not knocked down by drugs and is extremely exhausting for the patient (during this period, the body undergoes internal intoxication);

– weakness and fatigue in the first half of the day; skin itching with the development of dermatitis, and possibly the appearance of growths on the skin;

– muscle weakness and increased puffiness;

– disorders of the Central nervous system, in particular, dizziness (up to fainting), impaired coordination of movements or loss of sensitivity.

Diagnostics

Diagnosis of suspected lung cancer includes:

– CT scan of the chest;

– bronchoscopy (fibrobronchoscopy);

– ultrasound of the supraclavicular areas of the abdominal cavity, retroperitoneal space

– general clinical blood and urine tests;

– biochemical blood tests;

– cytological studies of sputum, bronchial flushing, pleural exudate;

– evaluation of functional data;

– pleural puncture (if there is an effusion);

– transthoracic puncture biopsy.

Treatment

Segmental resection for lung cancer. During the operation, the surgeon removes the entire cancer or its separate segment (segmental resection). The current trend in the treatment of lung cancer is the use of minimally invasive methods of treatment. Operations are performed using a miniature video camera. The technique is called Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS). Such surgical interventions are accompanied by less pronounced pain. The process of rehabilitation after them is faster.

According to the indications, extended pneumonectomy is performed-removal of the lung.

Treatment of lung cancer with radiation therapy . In order for cancer cells to stop growing and multiplying, the tumor is irradiated with a powerful beam of gamma rays. In radical radiation treatment, the tumor and regional metastasis zones are exposed to radiation.

Chemotherapy for lung cancer is the main treatment for most patients suffering from bronchopulmonary cancer. Treatment consists in the introduction of toxic drugs into the body that stop the growth of cancer cells. Thanks to the rapid development of medical technologies, chemotherapy drugs are safe and effective.

Targeted therapy for lung cancer. Targeted drugs for lung cancer recognize malignant cells by their specific characteristics and destroy them, affecting vital functions (division, growth). These medications disrupt the blood supply to the tumor. Targeted therapy is used as an independent treatment method or, in order to improve the effectiveness of treatment, in combination with chemotherapy.

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