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About the clinic: P.Herzen Moscow Oncology Research Institute was founded on February 12, 1898. It became the oldest scientific and practical institution in Europe and the first oncology institution in Russia, where the foundations were laid for the Russian science and oncology services. The Institute is a recognized leader in providing high-tech medical care to patients with various types of cancer. The Institute performs a unique surgery, uses modern high-tech methods of diagnostics, comprehensive treatment and rehabilitation of patients.
About the clinic: I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University) is the top medical university in Russia. Its history begins in 1758 as the medical faculty at Imperial Moscow University. For over two centuries Sechenov University has been a pioneer in the Russian healthcare system. A lot of outstanding physicians and scientists, who contributed significantly to the progress in medicine, worked at the University. In 2018, Sechenov University celebrates its 260th Anniversary.
About the clinic: Yusupovskaya hospital is a continuity of traditions in the treatment of patients in combination with the latest achievements of modern scientific and evidence-based medicine and advanced expert experience. The Yusupov hospital carries out scientific activities — on the basis of the clinic there are scientific and practical centers aimed at solving patients' problems in a comprehensive manner.
About the clinic: Federal research and clinical center for specialized types of medical care and medical technologies of the FMBA of Russia (FSCC of the FMBA of Russia) is one of the largest multi — specialty medical institutions in Russia for providing specialized medical care, combining a consulting and diagnostic center and more than 40 departments.
About the clinic: Clinical hospital No. 1 (Volynskaya) of The Presidential administration of the Russian Federation is one of the oldest institutions of Kremlin medicine, which itself has more than 400 years of history. In may 1600, by Decree of Tsar Boris Godunov, a pharmacy order was created to "protect the health of the sovereign". The hospital began with a small reception House adapted for a medical institution Near the dacha of I. V. Stalin.
Thyroid cancer is one of the most common malignant processes in the endocrine system, it is a malignant tumor of the thyroid gland, also called thyroid carcinoma. The incidence is 6 cases per 100,000 population. More than 300,000 new thyroid cancers are registered worldwide every year.
The disease can be diagnosed at any age, both in children and adults. Most thyroid cancers are diagnosed in patients over 30 years of age. The disease is about 3 times more likely to be diagnosed in women than in men.
In the vast majority of cases, the tumor process is completely asymptomatic and is detected randomly in the form of a node in the thyroid gland in the ultrasound examination and less often at the examination of the doctor or yourself. The function of the thyroid gland is almost always preserved.
Possible symptoms include thyroid cancer:
– The appearance of a formation in the lower third of the neck or an increase in lymph nodes of the neck;
-a change in the voice, a change in the strength of the voice;
-the appearance of pain in the lower third of the neck or chest
-Fine needle aspiration biopsy of thyroid nodes
-Investigation of thyroid hormones
The main method of thyroid cancer treatment is surgical treatment. Patients undergo a thyroidectomy (complete thyroid removal) or partial thyroid removal. Hemithyroidectomy is the removal of half (one share) of the thyroid gland. The decision about the scope of surgery is made by the endocrinologist, individually in each situation, taking into account the morphological variant of carcinoma and the prevalence of tumor process. In addition to interventions on the thyroid gland in a number of patients it is necessary to perform lymphodysection – surgical removal of lymph nodes and fatty tissue in a certain anatomical zone. Videoassisted operations are performed to remove the fraction or the entire thyroid gland through a 1.5-2 cm long skin incision.
Robotic-assisted thyroidectomy. The doctor can perform the operation as delicately as possible without damaging the small anatomical structures. The robot’s interactive platform provides 3D visualization of the surgical field and corrects movements.
After complete removal of the thyroid tissue, it is possible to perform radioiodine therapy. Patient takes special capsules with radioactive iodine to ensure good treatment result.
Thyroid cancer treatment with chemotherapy is also carried out. The treatment consists of introducing toxic drugs into the body that stop the growth of cancer cells. The dose of the drug for each injection is calculated by the skin area or weight of the individual patient. A minimally toxic dosage is recommended for administration, giving the highest possible effect.