Glaucoma

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About a disease

Description

Glaucoma is a chronic eye disease that increases intraocular pressure, damage the optic nerve and reduces vision, up to blindness. Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness for people over the age of 60.

Symptoms

– zooming vision, appearance of a “net” in front of the eyes;

– the presence of “rainbow circles” when looking at the light source

– feeling discomfort in the eye: feelings of gravity and tension;

– insignificant incision in the eye;

– sensation of eye moisturisation;

– loss of the ability to see at dusk;

– insignificant pain around the eye.

Diagnostics

Diagnosis of glaucoma is not difficult for ophthalmologists. Modern equipment allows you to detect the first signs of the disease during examination.

Treatment

With laser iridotomy treatment of glaucoma , the laser beam penetrates the eye, affects the drainage system and improves the outflow of intraocular fluid. Laser treatment is painless, short in time, carried out on an outpatient basis. The advantage of this treatment is that the eyeball is not surgically exposed.

Laser trabeculoplasty is effective in the open-angle shape of glaucoma. The main indication for such surgery is the initial stage of the disease – this operation is performed in cases where, despite drug treatment, the disease continues to progress.

Non-penetrating deep sclerectomy (NPDS) is an anti-glaucomatous operation that allows you to restore the natural balance of fluid in the eye during open-angle forms of glaucoma. A feature of NPDS is that to facilitate fluid outflow from the anterior chamber of the eye, through holes are not created, but the peripheral section of the cornea membrane, which has natural liquid permeability, is surgically exhausted. NPDS can be combined with the implantation of special collagen drains, which prevent scarring of tissues and decrease the effect of surgery in the future. Increases the efficiency of NPDS and the use of excimer, IAG and argon lasers. It is carried out without opening the eyeball.

 

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