Kidney Cancer

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About a disease

Description

Kidney cancer is a qualitative change in the cells of an organ resulting in pathological growth of its tissues. With the spread of the tumor, the counter-lateral kidney, ipsi-lateral regional lymph nodes, adrenal glands, bones and liver are usually affected. However, if a tumor is detected before metastasis in the tissue of other organs, it is possible to cure it completely.

Symptoms

In the first stage of development, the kidney tumor most often proceeds without characteristic symptoms. The disease is manifested by the presence of blood in the urine, as well as pain in the lower back and back.

Diagnostics

– Ultrasonography;

– CT;

– MRI;

– Angiography;

– Intravenous pyelography;

– Cytological examination;

– Rentgenography of thorax and bone scintigraphy – for detection of metastases.

Treatment

The method of treating kidney cancer is selected individually for each patient, taking into account the stage of oncopathology, the general condition of the patient, the presence of metastases and comorbidities.

Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy – partial removal of the kidney, involving the removal of a tumor and a small supply of healthy tissues surrounding it, and not the entire kidney. Due to organ protection, the likelihood of further complications is significantly reduced, the patient does not need dialysis. Surgery is performed by an endoscopic instrument through several incisions up to 2 cm. Such an operation takes about 2-3 hours, and the recovery period does not exceed 5-7 days.

Radical nephrectomy is the complete removal of the kidney with the removal of the fat capsule surrounding the organ.

Robotic-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy . The surgeon is able to perform the operation as delicately as possible without damaging the small anatomical structures. The interactive robot platform provides 3D imaging of the surgical field and corrects movements.

Cryoablation of kidney cancer is a minimally invasive technology for treating kidney cancer. Tumor cell death is achieved by freezing them. The manual is performed without surgery, through a needle with a diameter less than a ball handle.

Radio frequency ablation (RFA) is a minimally invasive method of treating kidney cancer, in which cancer cells are heated with special needle electrodes, which leads to their death. Thanks to a high-precision technique, the risk of developing intra- and postoperative complications and side effects is reduced.

Indications are possible as independent treatments for kidney cancer – targeted therapy and embolization of the renal arteries (on request).

 

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