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About the clinic: I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University) is the top medical university in Russia. Its history begins in 1758 as the medical faculty at Imperial Moscow University. For over two centuries Sechenov University has been a pioneer in the Russian healthcare system. A lot of outstanding physicians and scientists, who contributed significantly to the progress in medicine, worked at the University. In 2018, Sechenov University celebrates its 260th Anniversary.
About the clinic: Federal research and clinical center for specialized types of medical care and medical technologies of the FMBA of Russia (FSCC of the FMBA of Russia) is one of the largest multi — specialty medical institutions in Russia for providing specialized medical care, combining a consulting and diagnostic center and more than 40 departments.
About the clinic: Clinical hospital No. 1 (Volynskaya) of The Presidential administration of the Russian Federation is one of the oldest institutions of Kremlin medicine, which itself has more than 400 years of history. In may 1600, by Decree of Tsar Boris Godunov, a pharmacy order was created to "protect the health of the sovereign". The hospital began with a small reception House adapted for a medical institution Near the dacha of I. V. Stalin.
About the clinic: Yusupovskaya hospital is a continuity of traditions in the treatment of patients in combination with the latest achievements of modern scientific and evidence-based medicine and advanced expert experience. The Yusupov hospital carries out scientific activities — on the basis of the clinic there are scientific and practical centers aimed at solving patients' problems in a comprehensive manner.
About the clinic: National Medical Research Center for Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology was established as the Union Clinical Scientific-Research Institute for Obstetrics and Gynecology in 1944, as an important part of the policy of demographic revival of the country after the World War II, and since then is the leading scientific, medical and academic institution of Russia in the fields of obstetrics, gynecology, perinatology and reproductology. The Center is the major basis for development and implementation of governmental programs on maternal and child healthcare; producer of the clinical protocols, guidelines and standards of care; coordinator of integration of regional medical facilities.
About the clinic: P.Herzen Moscow Oncology Research Institute was founded on February 12, 1898. It became the oldest scientific and practical institution in Europe and the first oncology institution in Russia, where the foundations were laid for the Russian science and oncology services. The Institute is a recognized leader in providing high-tech medical care to patients with various types of cancer. The Institute performs a unique surgery, uses modern high-tech methods of diagnostics, comprehensive treatment and rehabilitation of patients.
Kidney cancer is a qualitative change in the cells of an organ resulting in pathological growth of its tissues. With the spread of the tumor, the counter-lateral kidney, ipsi-lateral regional lymph nodes, adrenal glands, bones and liver are usually affected. However, if a tumor is detected before metastasis in the tissue of other organs, it is possible to cure it completely.
In the first stage of development, the kidney tumor most often proceeds without characteristic symptoms. The disease is manifested by the presence of blood in the urine, as well as pain in the lower back and back.
– Intravenous pyelography;
– Cytological examination;
– Rentgenography of thorax and bone scintigraphy – for detection of metastases.
The method of treating kidney cancer is selected individually for each patient, taking into account the stage of oncopathology, the general condition of the patient, the presence of metastases and comorbidities.
Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy – partial removal of the kidney, involving the removal of a tumor and a small supply of healthy tissues surrounding it, and not the entire kidney. Due to organ protection, the likelihood of further complications is significantly reduced, the patient does not need dialysis. Surgery is performed by an endoscopic instrument through several incisions up to 2 cm. Such an operation takes about 2-3 hours, and the recovery period does not exceed 5-7 days.
Radical nephrectomy is the complete removal of the kidney with the removal of the fat capsule surrounding the organ.
Robotic-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy . The surgeon is able to perform the operation as delicately as possible without damaging the small anatomical structures. The interactive robot platform provides 3D imaging of the surgical field and corrects movements.
Cryoablation of kidney cancer is a minimally invasive technology for treating kidney cancer. Tumor cell death is achieved by freezing them. The manual is performed without surgery, through a needle with a diameter less than a ball handle.
Radio frequency ablation (RFA) is a minimally invasive method of treating kidney cancer, in which cancer cells are heated with special needle electrodes, which leads to their death. Thanks to a high-precision technique, the risk of developing intra- and postoperative complications and side effects is reduced.
Indications are possible as independent treatments for kidney cancer – targeted therapy and embolization of the renal arteries (on request).