Vesical Calcification

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About a disease

Description

Vesical calcification is characterized by the formation of dense formations (concretions) in the urinary system. Stones can be of different sizes and cause acute pain in the lumbar region. Urological disease is the most common pathology among urological diseases and accounts for 30-40% of cases. The disease is more common in young people (20-50 years old), regardless of sex.

Symptoms

At an early stage, when kidney stones do not yet disturb urine outflow, the disease can be asymptomatic. With the development of the disease, pain appears in the lower back, an admixture of blood in the urine (hematuria), etc., may appear.
Pain in kidney pathology may be seizure-like (renal colic) or persistent blunt.

Diagnostics

– Sonic research

– Multispiral computed tomography

Treatment

The method of treating urolithiasis is selected individually for each patient taking into account the size of the stone, the condition of the patient.

  • Shock wave lithotripsy is used for small stones (up to 2 cm). Electrohydraulic, electromagnetic or piezoceramic waves destroy the stone without damaging the surrounding tissues. The procedure is performed under mild intravenous anesthesia, without incisions on the body. The remains of the stone after some come out naturally with urine.

 

  • Percutaneous nephrolithonomy (PCNL) . The stone is crushed with laser or ultrasonic energy, and then removed using modern endoscopic technology through a centimeter incision in the lumbar region. Effective treatment is possible even in acute forms of urolithiasis, when it is necessary to remove coral-shaped, infected (causing an inflammatory process in the urinary tract) or pierced (motionless) stones.

 

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